Understanding Depression

Tuesday, November 03, 2015 SANGEET KHANNA MD

Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)

 

 Depression is a mental state which is characterized by a decreased mood, feeling  low, sad, and disinterest. These feelings are a part of the psychiatric profile of normal individuals, however if they remain prevalent for most of the day for a period of at least–2 weeks then the diagnosis of MDD can be considered.  Other signs of depression include. Anehedonia (Loss of Pleasure in activities)

  1. Changes in Sleep

  2. Changes in Appetite and weight

  3. Feelings of guilt

  4. Decreased energy

  5. Suicidal Ideation

  6. Impaired concentration

     

     If 4 of these criteria + the Depressed mood are present for most of the day during a period of 2 weeks then the diagnosis of MDD is made

     

    It is estimated that 15 % of the population has suffered a MDD episode. A person’s MOOD is a reflection of a person’s internal emotional state (subjective) that is relatively consistent. A person’s AFFECT is the person’s external epressions which is (Objective) which change within the day. Depression is a treatable disease that has various biochemical implications.

     

     

Various Forms of Depression

 

    Endogenous Depression- A persistently low mood that effect the biological mechanisms in the brain.  It may not be influenced by a secondary environmental stimulus.

 

     Reactive Depression-  A Depressed state due to a secondary psychological stimulus.

 

      Melancholic Depression- Low Mood that is worse in the morning and the person doesn’t feel like getting up

 

       Do you think you may be suffering from depression, contact us to make an appointment and discuss your symptoms?

           

Share

Add new comment

Log in or register to post comments